Know your Garden
When you planned to worked on your garden, first of all you need to understand the types of plants that suits your garden. Like any living things, plants flourish when they are grown in the right conditions. There are 2 common types of environment, for example places that is hot, sunny and dry, while some places may be cool, moist and shady. If you are to have healthy plants, it is important to
understand exactly the environment of your garden. Figure 2.1 A spot with a lot of sunlight is ideal for growing
The climate of a location will have a verity of the responses on the plants you planning to grow. It will determine the time of maturity and health of the plant.
Plants like all living things have their own temperature tolerances, temperature that outside of the tolerance will affect the growth of the plant and sometimes will cease the plant life processes. In a lot of different country most of the time the temperature that most plant can tolerate is around 35°C, while the minimum temperature can be variable depending on the types of plant that you are growing. The air and soil temperatures can be quite important in influencing dormancy in plants and this in turn, largely dictates the time of the growing season.
Air temperature is affected by the energy from the sun, a site that is sheltered from the direct sunlight and from the warming effects may be used for growing plants that are origin to the warmer climate.
Soil temperature also influences the growth of a plant, this is because the root development and the rate at which water and nutrients can be absorbed depends on the temperature. Sandy soil will warm up faster than clay soil when both expose to the same amount of sunlight, mainly because they are relative free draining and do not hold much water. Locations that received a lot of sunlight will also warm up faster than a shady ones.
Water is very important for all plants. In most of the gardens, rainfall is the main source of water for plants and it can be lost through evaporation and surface run-off, but most of the time the water will be soaked up by the soil particles. This water may then be soak up by the root of plants. All plants need a steady supply of water to sustain itself and for optimum growth. Besides gaining water from rain fall plants also have their water source from the air itself, and it is know as humidity. The humidity of the air is the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. For country that is located in the tropical climate, they have heavy rainfall, and the relative humidity is quite high. Many plats, such as the mosses and ferns thrive in such conditions. But high relative humidity can sometimes have negative effect on plants, many time these environments also encourages disease.
Waterlogged are areas that water build up and stagnant. These locations have badly drained soil and poor structure. Plants that are not suitable to these condition will not grow and sometimes will die in certain period of time.
Sunlight & Air Circulation
Plants need sunlight for photosynthesis, it’s a process where the food of the plant is generated. A sufficient amount of sunlight is required depending on the type of plants. As a results, sunlight is vital for young plant and to sustain existing growth. For country that is seasonal, the light level may also change in different season, this may also trigger different stages in the plants development.
Air circulation in a garden also plays a vital role is plant development. A light wind will have beneficial effect on plants, it provide relief from extreme heat, and helps air circulation. Stagnant atmosphere can sometimes harmful to plants because they could promote disease.
A Garden’s Microclimate
The meaning of microclimate, is when you have different weather condition within a small area for example our garden. To know you garden well you need to observed what is going on in your garden, and keep a careful monitor record of the position and effect of the following areas.
Hedges, walls, and fences-There is a possibility these items will cause dryness and windy situation, depending on the size of the structure. Some of these structure cause cold air to build up, and this create frost zone where it may effect the growth of the plant
Shadow projection– The shadow of permanent structure for example, building, walls, and large trees will often create a dark, cool condition where only certain plants are suitable to be grow.
Hot & Cold Spot – These conditions may occur when there is prolonged level of sunlight or shades. Either of this situation is not encouraging for the growth of the plants.
Soil type & pH – These elements play an important role in deciding the type of plants that is suitable to be planted. The acidity or alkalinity of the soil will provide different nutrient to particular plant species. It will be wise to choose plants that thrive in the particular pH of soil found in your garden. Attempt to change the pH of the soil by using acid or lime often ends with unsuccessful results and it a short term results.
Existing habitat– Before you start anything take a look around your garden, identify what are the plants type and wildlife. Decides on the plant that have similar species.
Right plant, right place – Once you have done your research on your garden environment, choosing the right plant for your garden will be a simple task. No matter where you garden is located, they all have their own unique set of advantages and limitations, and these need proper evaluation. For a start and the simplest way is trial and error is ultimately the most reliable method.